In the last few years I have been visiting TEFAF Maastricht religiously. Attending the gripping event also gives me a good opportunity to discover other exhibitions and museums in the region. It’s not an easy choice though, as the Benelux countries, the Rhine area and Scandinavia are full of medieval cities, which treat their cultural heritage outstandingly well. Ever wondered why Amsterdam, Gent, Antwerp, Brussels, Liège, Luxemburg, Aachen, Cologne or Düsseldorf offer so many high quality art events?
Beyond the highlights that everyone knows, I like to find smaller hidden gems. Have you heard about the largest museum for bags and purses, for example? It happens to be in Amsterdam and it’s well worth a visit.
Recently I discovered one of Amsterdam’s most beautiful canal-side houses, the Cromhouthuis. The current collectors’ house used to belong to the Cromhout family (among other buildings on the Herengracht) in the 17-18th centuries. They were avid art lovers and collectors. The museum today gives a glimpse into the life and story of the family, their traditions and personal objects as well as great art pieces of the era.
The originally Protestant Cromhout dynasty was part of Amsterdam’s high society. Jacob Cromhout (1608-1669) was a merchant and commissioned the architect Philips Vingboons in 1660-1662 to build a row of four houses on the Herengracht at the Huidenstraatbuilt in the Dutch Classicist style. The family later converted to Catholicism, which deprived them of many privileges. Due to the strict social conventions of the time even the options for marriage became limited. Nevertheless, the Cromhouts finally managed to marry into the international Catholic nobility.
The museum also organises temporary exhibitions – interestingly, the one on display this time was about special vintage watches.
‘Gold! Watches and Jewellery collected by Sophia Lopez Suasso’
Although we see an increasing number of female collectors today, it is still not too common. Knowing that for a long time it was not appropriate for a lady to deal with time as such, it is rather surprising to learn about a female watch collector from the mid-19th century. This exhibition (open until 2 April, 2018) introduces the 130 exquisite items once owned by Sophia Lopez Suasso-de Bruijn.
Sophia Adriana de Bruijn (1816-1890) Thérèse Schwartze, oil on canvas, 1890, legate douairière Jhr. August P. Lopez Suasso, Amsterdam Museum
Sophia Adriana de Bruijn (Amsterdam, 21 January 1816 – Amsterdam, 4 March 1890 ) came from a South-Netherland family. She married a nobleman Augustus Pieter Lopez Suasso (1804-1877) in 1860, a member of the Portuguese-Jewish family Lopes Suasso. They loved to travel together and discover and acquire precious objects including sculptures, medals and coins, books and costumes.
After the death of her husband Sophia was named as a ‘douairière’ or dowager. She continued to collect mainly watches and jewellery and she remained a regular customer of jeweller H. Martens on Amsterdam’s Rokin. In her will she left her house on the Kloveniersburgwal and her art collection to the municipality of Amsterdam.
Oval brooch with a cameo portrait of a woman with curly hair, Italy?, c.1860 - Isn't that the same on the portrait of Sophia above?
Sophia had a soft spot for petite women’s watches hidden inside beautiful bracelets, brooches or necklaces. She owned fabulous timepieces in forms of animals, flowers and musical instruments. We don’t know exactly how educated she was about watchmaking but she was keen to find interesting pieces from Switzerland, France or London.
Many of her pocket watches are decorated with enamel, some of them by the important masters of the time, like the Huaud brothers, Pierre (1647-1696) and Jean-Pierre (1655-1723) and Ami (1657-1724), descendants of a French protestant family that emigrated to Geneva in 1630. They were well-known enamel painters of the time trained by their father, Pierre I.
Pocket watch with enamel decoration of Zephyr and Flora based on engraving by Benoît Audran the Elder (1661-1721) after a painting by Charles-Antoine Coypel (1661-1722), enamel signed by Les Frères Huaud, Geneva. Movement signed by Antram, London
Names that sound familiar today can be recognised on pieces in Sophia’s collection. For instance, Dubois et Fils the origins of which dates back to 1785. The movement of this butterfly shaped watch with matching serpentine chatelaine was signed by Dubois et Fils. It was made in Le Locle, c. 1870.
Not much time to left, but if you happen to be in Amsterdam until 2 April, 2018, it’s definitely worth seeing it.
Butterfly shaped watch with matching serpentine chatelaine, Le Locle, c. 1870, movement signed by Dubois et Fils
Lever escapement pocket watch with enamel decoration of “Madonna and Child”, London, 1720, movement signed by James Lloyd
Photo credits: Amsterdam Museum, Loupiosity.com.
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